Below are the percent of total (%) and grams/pound (g/lb) values of the hay, from Equi-Analytical. The values in the Recommended Daily Dose column also come from Equi-Analytical, and are based on a 1100 lb horse in light work.
The final column, Daily Intake (High/Low), shows how much of each nutrient each horse gets per day, based on roughly 20 lbs of forage per day. I've also noted whether or not they're getting enough of each nutrient by using HIGH (meaning yes, they're getting plenty), or LOW (meaning they might need a supplement).
|Nutrient||%||g/lb||Recommended Daily Dose||Daily Intake (High/Low)|
|Crude Protein||13.4||60.7||820 g||1214 g/ day HIGH|
|Estimated Lysine||.52||2.4||29 g||48 g/day HIGH|
|Water Soluable Carbs||7.2||32.8||GOOD|
|ESC (simple sugars)||4.8||21.6||GOOD|
|Non Fiber Carb. (NFC)||13.3||60.1||Unk|
|Calcium||1.02||4.63||25 g||92 g/day VERY HIGH|
|Phosphorus||.28||1.29||17.8 g||25.8 g/day HIGH|
|Magnesium||.17||.79||17.8 g||15.8 g/day LOW|
|Potassium||1.94||8.81||31 g||176.2 g/day VERY HIGH|
|Sodium||.027||.122||25.1 g||Not reported|
A couple of things to note here:
- NSC (which is what I'm so concerned about for Saga's feet) is equal to WSC + Starch. In the case of my hay, that's 8.8%, well below the 10% I was hoping for. Hurrah! (Please, please tell me I did that math right.)
- Nobody's hurting for protein around here!
- Magnesium is a tad bit low, but they are already getting a magnesium oxide supplement. I've decreased that to 1 tbsp/day, so they're probably getting a bit extra, but not much.
- Although Sodium is not reported, I'm not terribly concerned. The boys have free access to loose salt, and since I have to refill it regularly, I know they're making use of it. :)
- They are getting a LOT of Calcium. Worse, the Calcium:Phosphorous ratio, which should be roughly 1:1 or even 2:1, is more like 3.5:1. Supposedly horses are OK up to 6:1, so maybe I shouldn't panic? The literature seems to agree that as long as the ratio does not fall BELOW 1:1, I'm OK. Well then, I won't panic. Yet.
- They are also getting a lot of Potassium. However, the literature says that most forage is between 1-2% dry matter in K (at 1.94, we're right in there), so horses generally get way more than they need with no adverse effects. Well OK then, I guess we're fine.
|Nutrient||ppm||mg/lb||Recommended Daily Dose||Daily Intake (High/Low)|
|Iron||203||92||335 mg||1840 mg/day VERY HIGH|
|Zinc||20||9||335 mg||180 mg/day LOW|
|Copper||13||6||84 mg||120 mg/day HIGH|
|Manganese||91||41||335 mg||820 mg/day VERY HIGH|
|10 mg/day HIGH|
- I should probably look into a zinc supplement.
- HOLY CRAP they are getting a LOT of Iron. Fortunately it doesn't appear that it's toxic; so I'm not going to panic.
- They are also getting a lot of Manganese, but it's supposedly one of the least toxic minerals. Again, no need for panic.
So, overall, the hay looks pretty good! I can supplement a little for Mg and Z and get them where they should be, but otherwise they don't really need anything extra in their diets.
The question is, should I continue to give them the tiny bit of vitamin/mineral supplement they are currently receiving? I think I might, since it has some extra stuff (namely vitamins A, E, and D) in it. I'll continue to give beet pulp to Cash and Saga since it's doing a good job of keeping the weight on them, and of course the ground flax. Otherwise, the feeding program around here seems pretty reasonable!
What do you think? Any suggestions on things I should change up?